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IMMIGRATION

CHAD – New camps built to welcome more and more refugees

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More than 240,000 people from Sudan have crossed the border since hostilities began in Khartoum three months ago, according to RFI. The authorities, UN agencies and their partners are redoubling their efforts to avoid a humanitarian catastrophe in the east of the country. The government has allocated land for the construction of three new refugee camps, while UNHCR has expanded seven existing sites, which are home to more than 400,000 Sudanese over the past 20 years.

The last pillars are planted, the last tarpaulins are stretched: the new camp of Orang, out of the ground in barely a week, is ready to receive 5,000 people. A real logistical challenge at the beginning of the rainy season in Chad. Amine Haroun Agar, of the ADES NGO, is not proud of his teams:

In one week, we built around 1,000 shelters. Can you imagine this capacity to mobilize in terms of logistics? The country is facing a breakdown in the means of construction, but still: the forces, the energies are mobilized so that the city of Adré is freed of the bottleneck.”

The goal is to welcome 35,000 refugees by the end of the month. Sany Aakilou, UNHCR, explains: We are currently at about 40 latrines already completed in four days. And we will continue because we have a goal of 1,500 latrines at Ourang camp.”

The work was completed just in time to receive the very first convoy of Sudanese from the border. It is only 25 kilometres away, but with the rainy season, some trucks can take up to two days to travel.

Brice Deglas, UNHCR Emergency Coordinator: When you see the flow we currently have, the transit centres become increasingly congested. We must therefore quickly change our strategy to continue to identify additional sites in order to increase the capacity to receive refugees.”

Two other camps are emerging as UNHCR and the authorities seek to identify a fourth site. Because the prognoses on the evolution of the crisis remain very pessimistic.

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IMMIGRATION

SENEGAL – 97 migrants intercepted in Saint-Louis by the French Navy

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The National Navy has boarded Thursday, August 24, 2024 a dugout canoe of clandestines off the coast of Saint-Louisiennes. The canoe had 97 migrants on board, including 83 Senegalese (three women and two minors). The other 14 are foreigners (12 Gambians and 02 Malians), reports the newspaper Les Échos.

According to the information of the newspaper, they were sent by the navy Thursday, aboard the patrol at sea «le Fouladou» to the Arsenal of the National Navy at the Autonomous Port of Dakar. Upon landing, they were received by the commander of the naval base of the French Navy.

It should be noted that «as soon as the navy announced the interception of this canoe, the prosecutor of the Republic opened an investigation to know the ins and outs. The investigation is entrusted to the National Directorate for Combating Smuggling of Migrants (DNLT) of the Directorate of Air and Border Police,” the newspaper added

“When asked at the outset where they were embarking, they replied that the canoe left on 21 August in Kayar. They were intercepted 250 km off the coast of Saint-Louis by the French Navy on the night of August 21 to 22,” our colleagues explain

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IMMIGRATION

ILLEGAL EMIGRATION – 66 Senegalese migrants arrive in Tenerife

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Sixty-six (66) people arrived during the day of Thursday, August 03, 2023 in Tenerife aboard two canoes. In one of them there were 14 people and in the other 52.

Several of the migrants were transferred to health centres with various health situations, a journalist told the news. The majority of its young people are Senegalese.

As a reminder, in Africa, migrant smuggling brings 59 billion CFA francs to smugglers per year. Illicit financial flows (FFI) from the smuggling of migrants from West Africa to Europe are estimated at more than $100 million per year, 59,250,000,000 CFA francs, according to a report published by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) on Friday, July 28, 2023.

“Moderate estimates of human smuggling from West Africa to Europe alone exceed $100 million,” the study, “Illicit financial flows from migrant smuggling: Trends and responses in West Africa,” said.

“In 2020, migration data showed an increase in migrant crossings from Senegal to the Canary Islands by about 1,000% compared to the 2011-2019 period,” the report notes.

With regard to Senegal, the seaway is the most popular with smugglers, the authors of the report stress. “Smugglers are using the maritime routes from Senegal to the Spanish Canary Islands as a gateway to Europe because of increasing restrictions on the Mediterranean route,” says the document.

According to the authors of this report, coastal towns like Saint Louis and Mbour are the main departure points for the Canary Islands ‘of irregular migrants [who] also leave certain fishing villages, such as Joal, Thiaroye and Soumbedioune.”
They also note the presence of candid

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IMMIGRATION

AFRICA – Migrant smuggling brings 59 billion CFA francs to smugglers per year

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Illicit financial flows (FFI) from migrant smuggling from West Africa to Europe are estimated at more than $100 million per year, or 59,250,000,000 CFA francs, according to a report published by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), this Friday, July 28, 2023.

“Moderate estimates of human smuggling from West Africa to Europe alone exceed $100 million,” the study, “Illicit financial flows from migrant smuggling: Trends and responses in West Africa,” said.

“In 2020, migration data showed an increase in migrant crossings from Senegal to the Canary Islands by about 1,000% compared to the 2011-2019 period,” the report notes.

With regard to Senegal, the seaway is the most popular with smugglers, the authors of the report stress. “Smugglers are using the maritime routes from Senegal to the Spanish Canary Islands as a gateway to Europe because of increasing restrictions on the Mediterranean route,” says the document.

According to the authors of this report, coastal towns like Saint Louis and Mbour are the main departure points for the Canary Islands ‘of irregular migrants [who] also leave certain fishing villages, such as Joal, Thiaroye and Soumbedioune.”
They also note the presence of candidates for irregular migration from other West African countries, to whom smugglers “generally require full payment in advance (…) between $400 and $600.”

However, the report says, “in 2023, the use of maritime routes appears to have decreased, suggesting that COVID-19 restrictions on land borders played a role in the increased use of maritime routes between 2020 and 2022.”

On a global scale, migrant smuggling brings smugglers more than 10 billion dollars per year, or 5 925 000 000 000 CFA francs, according to estimates by the rappor

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