Home CHAUD TOO CHAUD SENEGAL – Seyda Mariama Niasse, a life in the service of Islam

SENEGAL – Seyda Mariama Niasse, a life in the service of Islam

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Seyda Mariama Niasse @Limametti

El Hadji’s daughter Ibrahima Niass, Seyda Mariama Niass, died at the age of 88 on Saturday 26 September 2020 at her home in Mermoz, in the Senegalese capital, Dakar. The native of Kossi, near Kaolack, located in the centre-west of the country, will have, in her lifetime, given everything for the education and training of children. His home is erected in “daara”, a Koranic school, where many children from the country and the sub-region were able to learn and master the Koran, the Holy Book of Muslims. Ze-africanews plunges you into the life of a woman whose life was reduced to the worship of her Creator and the teaching of the Koran.

Seyda Mariama Niass devoted her entire life to the Koran. At the age of 14, she was already teaching at her Koranic school in Kaolack, before joining her husband a few years later in Dakar. She thus perpetuated the teachings of her venerable father, El Hadji Ibrahima Niass who bears the name of his school complex which combines religious and general education. This complex, in front of the interchange of the Crow’s foot, is built in 1984 on land that had attributed to him the former head of State, Abdou Diouf.

Her mother Aissatou Sarr died early, leaving her with her brothers and sisters, including the current Khalife of Medina Baye, Sheikh Mahi Ibrahim Niass. At that time, Seyda Mariama was between 14 and 15 years old, and her younger sister, Seyda Hawa Niass, was just three years old. This premature death probably explains the affection that Baye NIASS had for Seyda Marieme and her brothers and sisters. She had to accompany her father on his travels. Baye Niass often said to her daughters: “O you girls, compete (with the men) towards the summit, not by the body”, a call of course by Seyda Mariama. As is customary in the family of Baye Niass, she learned the Koran at the Koran school of Medina Baye, with Rabbani, a Moorish disciple of her father Sheikh Ibrahim NIASS. She was introduced to learning the Koran when she was only 5 years old in 1937. Between 1937 and 1947, she memorized and recited the Holy Book. It is reported that on that day, the venerable Baye Niass was so joyful that he offered her a horse, a cow and her calf as well as jewels.

Very young, she was assistant teacher of Koranic teaching in Medina Baye. After learning the Koran, she studied Islamic Science and the Arabic language with her father Baye Niass and his entourage. Between 1950 and 1952, she taught Koranic teaching in the Madrassa Sheikh Al Islam in Medina Baye.

In 1952, Seyda Mariama joined the marital home in Dakar, after his marriage in 1949 with El Hadji Omar Kane, the first «Mukhadam» of Baye Niass in Dakar. In Dakar, she began to teach the Koran in her room. She had just created her first Daraa Quran Al Karim, inside the family home, located on Malick Avenue SY. Her goal had nothing to do with the lure of gain but she wanted to remain consistent with the hadith of the Prophet Muhamed, (PSL): «The best of you is the one who learns the Quran and teaches it.» [Al-Bukhari 5027]”.

In 1960, when she was 28 years old, Seyda Mariama made the first pilgrimage to Mecca with her father Baye Niass. Between 1960 and 1962, she went to study in various English-speaking African countries such as Ghana and Nigeria, Arabic-speaking countries such as Egypt, Libya and Morocco, and French-speaking countries such as Mauritania, Niger and Mali. Study trips within the framework of the World Islamic League (LIM), of which his father Sheikh Al Islam was a founding member. From 1962 to 1967, she began to receive students from these countries for Koranic education. From 1967, she made a second pilgrimage to Mecca. In the years 1967 to 1975, the Islamic complex Dar Al Quran Al Karim located in Malick Sy is extended with the diversification of activities.From then on, she started in the sector of the transport of personnel and people to the Holy Places of Islam but also in the commercial sector, the sewing, the embroidery and the import-export etc. MeanwhileThere, she made trips to several countries of the Middle East.In the early 80’s, with the appearance of videotapes, she used to buy them during her travels, for her students.

Once in Senegal, she used it to attract her learners by having them follow soap operas and cartoons in Arabic. It was to prevent children from going to other occupations on their own time. At the time, television was rare in Senegal. Between 1975 and 1981, the students of Dar Al Quran participated in the great world competition of recitation and memorization of the Holy Quran.

In 1981, President Abdou Diouf, who had just taken power, made his first exit to Taïba Niassène. One of Seyda Mariama Niass’ students, Aly Harazim, now Imam in Strasbourg, France, was chosen to recite the Qur’an during the welcoming ceremony.Moved by the beautiful voice and the mastery of the Koranic words by the young boy, President Diouf asked for information about the boy. He is told that he is a child from Dar Al Quran Al Karim, by Seyda Mariama Niass.Abdou Diouf committed himself on the spot to support the servant of the Koran to have a training center.

In 1984, she laid the foundation stone of her Islamic complex. The following year, she organized a Day of Reflection on Koranic Teaching. In 1987, she travels to the Gulf countries: Kuwait, Oman, Abu Dhabi etc. This stage of Abu Dhabi was decisive because it declined the juicy offer of the wife of the then King Zayed ben Sultan Al Nahyane, Sheikha Fatima. The Queen, after listening to the beautiful Qur’an recital of the very young Ali Harazim student of Seyda Marieme, had proposed to him to stay in Abu Dhabi to transmit his know-how to the children of his country. Seyda Mariama answered politely and courageously patriot «Houbul watani minal imaan», (loving one’s homeland is part of the faith).

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It was during this same period, precisely in 1988, that she bought her house in Mermoz, on a grant from Algerian President Chadli Bendjedid and with the support of President Abdou Diouf.

In 1989, Seyda Mariama organized a seminar day of the Koran, followed by the inauguration of the house of Mermoz. In the same year, it participated in a mediation between Senegal and Iran, which led to a resumption of diplomatic relations between the two countries. In 1990, it opened a Koranic and Arab teaching centre (boarding school system) at Sacré-Coeur in Dakar, housing more than a hundred students of several nationalities. In 1991, it organized the third Quran Day at the Dakar International Fair as part of the preparatory activities for the Summit of the Islamic Conference.

Also in 1991, the largest public works company in Saudi Arabia, AL OWEIDA recruited 400 Senegalese workers over a period from 1991 to 1996, thanks to the good offices of Seyda Mariama Niass.

Dar Al Quran students participated in the World Best Quran Reciters Competition in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) in 1992. In the same year, it obtained funding for the first part of the Sheikh Al Islam Complex by the Saudi Crown Prince Sultan Ben Abdoul Aziz Al Saoud. In 1993, it built a preschool and elementary school, intended for classical and Islamic education. The Sheikh Al Islam Arab College was opened in the same year.

In the years 1994-1995, the Franco-Arab school Sultan Ben Abdoul Aziz began with a preschool, elementary and authorized by a ministerial decree number 0082/MEN/DEP of 03-01-1995. Teaching is bilingual: in French for general education and in Arabic for Islamic education. In 1996, the school was recognized by presidential decree number 96834 of 08 October 1996.

Yaboye Seyda, as she was joyfully called, participated in 1999 in the mediation between Senegal and Sudan, which led to the resumption of diplomatic relations between the two countries in the same year. It was also in 1999 that Seyda Mariama’s students participated for the first time in the Dubai International Quran Contest, which ran until 2005.

The first experiment starts with Saudi Arabia, Mauritania, Egypt and finally Morocco in 2007. This action aims to implement a pedagogy that helps to open the minds of students to the Islamic world and make them citizens able to understand the other and to establish a partnership with it. In the same year 2000, Ministerial Order number 0100455/MENTFP/DEP of 27-11-2000, extending the school to include a middle secondary level, is taken. In August 2000, Prince Naef Bin Abdel Aziz, during a visit to Senegal, granted Seyda Mariama Niass a grant that allowed him to build the middle secondary cycle and double the number of classrooms after the ministerial decree of 27-11-2000.

In January 2007, the government of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania made a cooperation mission available to Dar Al Quran. Thus, it is composed of fifteen teachers, ten professors in different disciplines and two inspectors. This is to cover all the needs for Arabic and Islamic education in elementary and secondary school.

In June 2007, Seyda Mariama Niass was selected as one of 300 global Islamic personalities invited by the University of Cambridge under the aegis of the government to make the voice of Islam heard and to work towards the establishment of an Islamic-Judeo-Christian in the framework of the conference on Islam and Muslims in the World of Today, held on 04 and 05 June in London.

In September 2007, she was named the winner of the Fête de l’Excellence, which honours the best students in the CM2 class in Senegal and receives the Female Leadership in Education Award from First Lady Viviane WADE, President of the Health Education Foundation and the Minister of Education, Moustapha Sourang.

On 18 April 2013, Seyda Mariama was awarded the Diploma of Honor by the Fallou Gallas International Multimedia Magazine Group for her courage and determination in the vast fields of Islam. Finally, on 16 December 2013, she was decorated by President Macky Sall with the National Order of Merit.

His son, Ousmane Oumar Kane, is Full Professor of Middle Eastern Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University in the United States, and the first Professor to hold the Chair of Islam and Contemporary Muslim Societies at this renowned University.

Seyda Mariama Niass’s relations with other religious homes in Senegal are excellent. I remember when Serigne Mourtada Mbacké was called to God, I accompanied him to Touba to offer our condolences. Serigne Mame Mor Mbacké Mourtada was very happy with this act.After welcoming and pampering us, he told us that when his father founded Al Azhar, Baye Niass had participated», says Seyda Assy Kane.

Today, it is difficult to estimate the number of people who learned and memorized the Holy Quran from Seyda Mariama Niass. It is rare to enter any service in Senegal, without finding there a person trained in Daar Al Quran Al Karim, or a son of a person from this prestigious school. His career in Islam bears witness to his determination to serve Islam during the 88 years he spent on earth.

       

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