President Félix Tshisekedi, by accepting the resignation of Prime Minister Ilunga Ilunkamba and his government, will undoubtedly have to proceed quickly with the appointment of a new government to implement its program of reforms, political, economic, social and security, during the the next three years remaining, to meet the multiple challenges facing the country. By Isidore Kwandja Ngembo
Key priorities and challenges facing the next government include restoring peace, security and protecting citizens across the country; stimulation of socio-economic development and job creation; the fight against corruption; electoral reform, including reforms of the judiciary and public administration, to ensure the stability of the institutions which must guarantee and strengthen democracy and the rule of law in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The next government which, we hope this time around, will support President Tshisekedi in the implementation of his social project, should know that public administration is the third and most important component of executive power and an instrument essential for the implementation of public policies and government programs.
If President Tshisekedi really wants to give new impetus to the second half of his mandate, he will have to instruct the next government to completely change course, by initiating and implementing a comprehensive plan of action for reform and modernization of the government. Congolese public administration, for greater transparency, better management of the civil service and orthodoxy in public expenditure.
There is no need to recall here that public administration constitutes a fundamental element of the governance system of a modern state and, without a doubt, it plays a determining role of scouting in the making of political decisions, in the materialization of the exercise of public powers, in the implementation of government orientations and in the sound management of public services.
But according to the latest preliminary results of investigations by the Judicial Police of the Public Prosecutor’s Office on the pay of State agents and officials, the Congolese public administration harbors mafia networks of organized fraud and embezzlement of public funds which benefit a category of people. As proof, this report indicates that between 2011 and 2019, a sum of more than $ 259 million would have been embezzled with more than 133,000 fictitious agents and more than 43,000 duplicates who unduly benefited from the pay of civil servants and State employees. officially recognized.
Just recently, there is another alleged embezzlement scandal that plagues the Ministry of Primary, Secondary and Technical Education. The report of the General Inspectorate of Finance (IGF) which led to the arrest of the national director of the Teachers’ Pay and Control Service (SECOPE) and of the Inspector General of Primary, Secondary and Technical Education , indicates that a million and a half dollars would be diverted each month in this ministry.
To put an end to this scourge of the remuneration of fictitious civil servants which costs the Congolese public treasury enormously, reform in the Congolese public administration system must be among the key priorities of the government and receive full attention. particular.
This reform should not only ensure the establishment of a meticulous verification system of the actual workforce of the Civil Service, systematically conduct a rigorous census of civil servants, those reporting to the National Police and the Congolese Armed Forces, but it should also dismantle fictitious jobs paid for with public funds. The establishment of such a verification system would help improve the administrative capacity of ministries and other public institutions to carry out their missions.
Such a reform is possible, but must be a continuous effort that goes forward with the adoption of new rigorous and truly applicable legislative and regulatory frameworks, in order to improve the effectiveness of public action, to strengthen transparency, to guarantee respect for the principles of responsibility and accountability, to effectively combat corruption, mismanagement of public resources and ensure more rigorous management of public institutions.
Carrying out such major reforms, which will be phased in over time, could prove to be more difficult and complex if they are not piloted by expert hands. This is why it seems obvious to us that the choice of the next minister responsible for public administration should be based on a person who has excellent theoretical and practical knowledge of essential and crucial issues related to public administration. Such a judicious choice would make it possible to meet the major recurring challenges facing the Congolese public administration.
By Isidore Kwandja Ngembo, Political Scientist and Public Policy Analyst