In the Central African Republic, the 2020 presidential election takes place on December 27, 2020 with a possible second round on February 14, 2021. The Central Africans will elect their President of the Republic for a five-year term. Legislative elections take place at the same time as the first round.
The presidential elections of 2015 and 2016 saw the victory of Faustin-Archange Touadéra, whose taking office on March 30, 2016 coincides with the entry into force of the 2015 constitution which establishes the Sixth Republic.
The 2020 election takes place in the context of the health crisis with the Covid-19 pandemic, which raises fears of a postponement of the poll. However, the constitution prohibits any extension of the mandate of the incumbent president beyond its term, i.e. for Touadéra on March 29, 2021. A revision of the constitution is therefore attempted by the government, but the project is rejected on June 5, 2020 by the Constitutional Court.
Due to a deep-rooted security threat, the country is also still the subject of a United Nations peacekeeping operation, MINUSCA. In reality, the President of the Republic is elected by first past the post in two rounds for a five-year term renewable only once.
Former President François Bozizé, returning from his exile, and who was in power from 2003 to 2013, announced his candidacy on July 25, 2020. The politician, Anicet Georges Dologuélé was made a candidate in August 2020 by his party, the Union for Central African Renewal (URCA). Catherine Samba-Panza, Head of State during the transition period from January 23, 2014 to March 30, 2016, announced her candidacy without a political label on August 28, 20208. Former Prime Minister Martin Ziguélé is also a candidate under the banner of the Central African People’s Liberation Movement (MLPC). Finally, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, the outgoing President, Prime Minister from 2008 to 2013, then elected President of the Republic in 2016, will be invested on Thursday, September 24 for the part (United Heart).